Past perfect

By | January 14, 2011

Past perfect
Past perfect tense : gemişte bir aktivitenin başka bir aktiviteden önce tamamlandığını vurgular. yani:Geç mişte oluşmuş iki eylem var fakat 1. eylem , 2.cisin den önce olmuş işte 1.eylem past perfec tir.
1. My parents had already eaten by the time I got home
2. Until yesterday, I had never heard about it .
3. The thief simply walked in. Someone had forgotten to lock thedoor.


4. Sam had already left when we got there
5. Sam had left before we got there
6. Sam left before we got there
7. after the guests had left. I went to bed

örnek 4 te : önce sam ayrıldı sonra biz oraya vardık. (yani: biz vardığımızda sam ayrılmıştı). Eğer bir cümlede before veya after kullanılıyorsa genellikle past per fect tense gerekli değildir. Simple past 6. ve 8. ci örneklerde belki kullanılabilir.
Not: 5-6 ve 7-8 aynı an lamdadır.

When Sarah arrived at the party , Paul had already gone home
When we got home last night , we found that somebody had broken into the flat
Karen didn’t want to come to the cinema with us because she had already seen the film.
I didn’t know who she was . I had never seen her before
The house was dirty. They hadn’t cleaned it for weeks

Past perfect table

Aciklama (Past perfect)
Exercise 1 , Exercise 2

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